- Regulations of the 36th International Mathematical Olympiad
- The 36th International Mathematical Olympiad will be held in Waterloo and North York
(Metropolitan Toronto), Canada from July 13 to July 25, 1995.
- The OIM 1995 IMO Corporation has overall responsibility for the hosting and funding
of the 1995 IMO.
- The Board of Directors, answerable to the OIM 1995 IMO Corporation, is responsible
for the organization of the 1995 IMO. Administration of the IMO will be the
responsibility of the Operating Office.
- The aims of the 1995 IMO include :
- the challenging, encouragement and development of mathematically gifted school
students in all countries,
- the fostering of friendly international relationships among students and teachers,
- to create opportunities for the exchange of information on school syllabuses and
practice throughout the world.
- Each Student Contestant will receive a certificate of participation. Prizes will be
distributed at the Closing Ceremony, to be held in Toronto on July 24, 1995.
- PARTICIPATION AND RESPONSIBILITY FOR COSTS
- Participation at the 36th IMO is by invitation only. Each invited country which has had
previous IMO experience is entitled to send a delegation consisting of a Leader, a Deputy
Leader, and no more than SIX Student Contestants. Each invited country which has not
had any previous IMO experience is entitled to send a delegation consisting of a Leader,
a Deputy Leader, and no more than FOUR Student Contestants. Other countries may be
invited to send an Official Observer.
- Contestants should not have been formally enrolled and commenced their studies at a
university or at any equivalent post-secondary institution, and they must have been born
on or after July 21, 1975.
- The Official Programme for Leaders begins in Waterloo on July 13, 1995 and ends in
Toronto on July 25, 1995.
- The Official Programme for Deputy Leaders and Student Contestants begins in Toronto
on July 16, 1995, and ends in Toronto on July 25, 1995.
- Applications for accommodation and meals may be made by persons wishing to attend
the 1995 IMO as Official Observers or as members of the immediate family of Leaders
or Deputy Leaders. Accommodation for such person is limited and it may not be
possible to accept all such applications. The deadline for receipt of such applications at
the OIM 1995 IMO Operating Office is April 30, 1995.
- In the case of persons wishing to be Official Observers, the application must state the
reason for seeking such status.
- All applications must be accompanied by the funds necessary to cover the total costs (see
section 2.7 below). Any application received without such funds will be rejected.
- Since extra accommodation is limited, priority will be assigned as follows:
- Official Observers who are members of the IMOAB,
- Family members of those in category (i),
- Official Observers from countries which are accepted to host the IMO in the near
- Family members of those in category (iii),
- Family members of Leaders and Deputy Leaders
- Official Observers from non-participating countries,
- Family members of those in category (vi).
- Other Official Observers,
- Family members of those in category (viii).
- Any person who arrives without prior arrangement will NOT be accommodated.
- Any participant who wishes to arrive before the official programme or depart after the
official programme may make application for accommodation as follows:
- the earliest date for early arrivals is July 10, 1995,
- the latest date for late departure is July 28, 1995,
- All applications must be accompanied by the funds necessary to cover the total
costs (see section 2.7 below). Any application received without total funds will
- OIM 1995 IMO, as the host of the 1995 IMO, will cover all official expenses for
the official delegations (Leader, Deputy Leader and up to six Student
Contestants), including meals, accommodation and official transportation, during
the period of the Official Programme.
- The costs for all participants outside the period of the Official Programme will
be at a rate of CAN $130(US $100) per person, per day. This rate includes
meals and accommodation only.
- The costs for accepted Official Observers and family members during the Official
Programme period is:
- CAN $2500(US $1875) per person, for those accompanying Leaders
(July 13, 1995 to July 25, 1995).
- CAN $1850(US $1365) per person, for spouses of Leaders sharing a
room with the Leader (July 13, 1995 to July 25, 1995).
- CAN $2100(US $1575) per person, for others (July 16, 1995 to July
- CAN $1600(US $1200) per person for spouses of Deputy Leaders
sharing a room with the Deputy Leader (July 16, 1995 to July 25, 1995).
- These costs include meals, accommodation, official transportation, etc., during
the period of the Official Programme.
- If any application for extra days, Official Observer status, or from family
members is refused, the funds accompanying it will be refunded in full within 30
- The deadline for receipt of ALL APPLICATIONS for extra days, official
observer status, or from family members is
- APRIL 30, 1995.
- If an accepted application is cancelled no later than June 9, 1995, the funds will
be refunded less an administrative fee of 10June 9, 1995 onwards.
- All correspondence involving extra days, Official Observer status and family
members MUST be made by regular mail. Because of the possibility of
transmission errors, email or facsimile requests will not be accepted.
- Each participating country must send to the OIM 1995 IMO Operating Office, to be
received NO LATER than June 10, 1995, the NAMES and DATES OF BIRTH of its
- PROPOSALS FOR PROBLEMS
- Each participating country is expected to submit problems for consideration for inclusion
in the Contest. Up to SIX proposals with complete solutions may be submitted. These
proposals must be received by the OIM 1995 IMO Office NO LATER than March 1,
1995. Proposals received after that date may not be considered.
- Proposed problems should cover various fields of pre-University Mathematics and be of
varying degrees of difficulty.
- Proposed problems may be submitted in any of English, French, German or Russian.
- JURY REGULATIONS
- The International Jury
- The International Jury ("the Jury") shall consist of all Leaders and an Executive
Committee as appointed by the OIM 1995 IMO Board. A Leader may be
replaced by his or her Deputy Leader. With, and only with, the permission of the
Chair, Official Observers may attend meetings of the Jury, but will not be
permitted to speak or to vote. After the Contest, Deputy Leaders are welcome
to attend meetings of the Jury. The Head Problem Coordinators shall attend
meetings of the Jury as observers. They may be requested to comment on the
selection of the problems.
- Only Leaders may vote. Each Leader shall have ONE vote. A motion shall be
carried by a simple majority of votes. In the event of a tie, the Chair shall have
a casting vote.
- The Jury may appoint subcommittees to consider specific matters.
- To facilitate proceedings, the working language of meetings of the Jury shall be
ENGLISH. Leaders may at any time (in particular, before any vote) request
translations into French, German and/or Russian.
- Before the Contest
- Before the Contest, the Jury shall :
- verify that all Student Contestants comply with the eligibility conditions
prescribed in 2.2 above,
- confirm that four and one half hours will be allotted to the first examination
paper of three problems, and that four and one half hours will be allotted to the
second examination paper of three problems,
- confirm that each problem will be scored out of a maximum of seven marks,
- confirm that the total number of prizes will NOT exceed one half of the total
number of Student Contestants participating; that the total number of first, second
prizes and third prizes will be distributed in a ratio closely approximating 1:2:3.
- confirm that no prizes will be awarded other that first prizes, second prizes, third
prizes, and special prizes for particularly meritorious solutions (see section 4.5
(e)), and that a certificate of honourable mention shall be awarded to each
Student Contestant who does not receive a prize and who has obtained full marks
on at least one question,
- select the Contest problems from amongst the submitted proposals on the basis
of a preliminary selection made by the Problem Selection Committee, and
- approve the translations of the chosen problems into all required languages.
- The Contest
- The Contest will be run under the authority of the Chief Invigilator, who shall
be responsible to the Academic Committee.
- The Contest will take place at York University in Metropolitan Toronto on
Wednesday, July 19 and Thursday, July 20, each examination beginning at or
about 9:00 am Eastern Daylight Time and ending 4-1/2 hours later at or about
1:30 pm Eastern Daylight Time. Contestants will not be permitted to leave the
examination rooms during the first half hour or the last fifteen minutes of either
- Members of the Jury shall ensure that no Student Contetant has, to their
knowledge, advance knowledge of any problem proposed, and that all
examination problems and solutions are kept strictly confidential to the Jury until
after the examinations are written.
- Each Student Contestant may submit solutions in the language of his/her choice.
Solutions may be written only on paper provided by the organizing committee.
- Each Student Contestant must work independently. Violation of this provision
will result in disqualification of the Student Contestant from the Olympiad.
- Student Contestants are NOT permitted to bring any books or papers into the
examination rooms. The only instruments permitted in the Contest are writing
and mechanical drawing instruments. In particular, the use of books, notes,
tables, calculators and other aids to calculation are not permitted. No books,
papers, tables, calculators and computers may be brought into the examination
room. Any Student Contestant making use of any prohibited item may be
disqualified from the Olympiad.
- Student Contestants must submit all paper used. Pages to be considered by the
markers must be submitted in the folder or envelope provided for this purpose.
Pages to be scrapped will be left on the desks. Student Contestants may remove
only their personal belongings and one copy of the question paper from the
- Queries by the Student Contestants
- During the first half hour only of each examination period, each Student Contestant may submit,
on special notepaper provided, written questions for consideration by the Jury. A copy of each
question shall be given, first to the Chairman of the Jury, and then to the Leader of the country
from which the student comes. The Leader will propose an answer. If the Jury approves the
answer, the Leader will write the answer on the copy of the Student Contestant's question.
- This copy shall then be given to the Chairman of the Jury for verification before a copy is
returned to the Student Contestant who submitted the question.
- The Jury may decline to answer any question that it deems out of order, in which case the
Student Contestant shall be informed that there is no answer.
- After the Contest
- The Student Contestants' solutions will be assessed first by their Leader and
Deputy Leader, who will be guided by the marking schemes provided by the
Chief Coordinator and the Head Problem Coordinators. Observers may attend
a coordination session only with the prior permission of the Chief Coordinator
(or, in his absence, by the Head Problem Coordinator). Observers attending
coordination may not speak during the coordination session.
- The official scores are decided by the Coordinators. The Leader and the Head
Problem Coordinator shall agree on the score for each problem for each Studnet
Contestant. This score shall be recorded on an Official Score Sheet and signed
by the Leader and the Head Problem Coordinator.
- A Leader may appeal an assigned score for a specific problem to the Chief
Coordinator for that problem. If the two cannot agree, the appeal and the reason
for rejecting the appeal will be forwarded to the Jury for a final decision.
- For each problem, the coordination of the solutions by Contestants from Canada
shall be verified in the presence of the Leader from the country which submitted
the problem. In the event that a problem was submitted by Canada, the
coordination shall be verified in the presence of the Leader of the country present
whose students achieved the maximum score in the 1994 International
- The Jury shall:
- consider any dispute which may have arisen concerning the score
allocated to a solution to a problem and determine the appropriate score,
- approve the scores for all Student Contestants,
- approve the award of prizes in accordance with 4.2 (d) above,
- consider and decide on any recommendations of subcommittees, and
- consider any matter raised concerning future International Mathematical
- The Jury may approve the awarding of a special prize at the recommendation of
the Chief Coordinator for any student who has submitted a complete solution
considered to be of outstanding merit.
- Date approved: 14 December 1994